India
Basic Information

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Geography
*Seventh largest country in the world
*Total land area of 3,287,263 square kilometers
*Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal, India Ocean surround India


Languages: Hindi, English, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu

GDP: $1.209 Trillion
GDP per capita: $1,017
Unemployment: 6.8%
Living below poverty line: 22%
Labor Force: 523.5 million



Aspergillosis
*Caused by the Aspergillus fungus (found on decaying vegetation)
*3 different kinds: allergic, fungus ball, and invasive
*Symptoms: cough, coughing up blood, fever, malaise, wheezing, weight loss, bone/chest pain, headaches, meningitis, shortness of breath, and/or vision problems
*Treatment: allergic aspergillus is treated with prednisone (immunosuppressive drugs) taken orally; antifungal drug (voriconizole) taken orally or thru an IV; invasive aspergillus is treated by surgically removing infected organs.
*Prevention: using immunosuppressive drugs with care – aspergillosis is associated with a weakened immune system; it’s like AIDS
*Caused when people breathe in mold spores
*More likely to occur in people who have more contact with rotten vegetation or garbage; people in developing nations are more at risk for aspergillosis than people in developed nations.

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Filariasis


*Caused by nematode worms
*Parasite
*Many people feel no symptoms but some of the symptoms would be: swelling, fever, pain, aches,chyluria, warty skin
*Treatment: diethyl carbamazine drug treatment
*Prevention: Giving meds to entire communities that kills the worms and mosquito control... sleep under mosquito net, use mosquito repellent
*Lifecycle of disease:females of the species give birth in the lymph nodes of mammal, larvae move from the lymphatic system into the circulatory system, develop into adults, adults live in human tissue for years, females produces microfilariae that circulate in the blood, microfilariae bite arthropods (mosquitos..)

*More likely to get this disease when living in open space and region with a lot os mosquitos

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Polio
*Viral disease – Poliomyelitis
*3 patterns of polio: subclinical (95%), nonparalytic, and paralytic
*Symptoms: malaise, headache, red/sore throat, fever, vomiting, back pain, diarrhea, fatigue, irritability, muscle stiffness, difficulty urinating, breathing difficulty, muscle weakness, sensitivity to touch, and/or poor temper control
*Treatment: antibiotics for urinary tract infections, medications (bethenachol) for urinary retention, moist heat for muscle pain/spasms, physical therapy, braces, or orthopedic surgery
*Prevention: Polio immunization vaccine is over 90% effective
*Life cycle: spreads by direct person to person contact, contact with infected mucus or phlegm, or contact with infected feces; take about 5 – 35 days for a person to develop symptoms of the disease
*More likely to get polio in a developed country without enough polio vaccines


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Leptospirosis
*Causative agent is bacteria of the genus Leptospira
*Bacteria
*Symptoms: occurs in 2 stages: First stage-flulike symptoms; Second stage- inflammation of nerves to the eyes, brain, spinal column, and abdominal pain
*Treatment: Aetiotropic drugs
*Prevention: Doxycycline vaccine
*Lifecycle of disease: in usual hosts: small wild animals eg rodents, hedgehogs, pigs, cattle, dogs. Then excreted in urine and found in stagnant water and wet soil
then humans infected whilst working in paddy fields or on farms, swimming in contaminated water or playing with dogs, via skin, conjunctiva, mucous membranes
and incubation usually 5-14 days (2-20).

*Increased risk when living in developing country with wild animals contaminated with the disease
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Care to Visit?

Taj Mahal!
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Take a tour of the intricate building that takes you back in time!

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Visit the Lotus Temple, one of the most architecturally beautiful and inspiring temples in the entire world; built as a Bahá'í temple of worship, it has become a modern marvel.
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Upon entering India, you must visit the Gateway to India, the true entrance gate to one of the most fascinating countries in the world.


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https://health.google.com/health/ref/Poliomyelitis
http://dierenziekenhuisdrachten.nl/assets/images/aspergillosis_sectie.jpg
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/aspergillosis/DS00950
https://health.google.com/health/ref/Aspergillosis
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